Dart Scoring Rules: A Brief Guide For Beginners

Dart is a form of sport where darts are thrown into a circular board (Dartboard) hung on the wall.

Although dartboards vary in many European countries and there are different types of dartboards that have been used in the past, the term “Darts” is now commonly used to refer to a standard game.

This game features specific table designs and rules that are fully established like any other global sport.

Once being considered a professional activity to compete with customers, darts is a traditional pub game dating back to the 17th century, often played in the United Kingdom (the first country that officially recognized darts as a sport).

Now, let’s find out ways to score darts correctly for beginners.

The Dart Scoreboard

Dartboard official size

Modern dartboards are made from sisal, most of them used today, originating from East Africa, Brazil, and China.

A proper board features a top-quality standard with 18 inches (451 mm) in diameter and is divided into 20 circular sections. Each part is separated by metal wire or with a thin metal plate. The numbers recorded on different parts of the board must be made of steel wire or may be printed directly to the board.

Do you know where the original idea of ​​Dart Boards came from? The dartboard is derived from the trunk of the tree with twists similar to a current dartboard structure.

The original name of the dartboard, in fact, came from the French word ‘butte’, meaning the target. In particular, the Table of Yorkshire and Manchester Perrigo differ from the standard table as they do not have a ‘triple’ round, but only a ‘double’ round and ‘Bullseye’.

How To Score Darts – The Basic Application

You have no prior knowledge but want to score darts perfectly right from the first try? It is undeniable that a thorough understanding of how to play a game will bring you many benefits, especially for those who want to learn from the starting point. So, stay tuned to see how darts are scored in each circle on the boards.


The double ring is the green and ruddy circle on the dartboard which is located fair underneath the numbering arrangement. The red and green circle in the middle of the double ring and the bullseye is where you will get the triple ring score. The bullseye is the red spot right in the center of the dartboard and the green circle outer bull is surrounding the bullseye.

If your darts land on the double ring, you will gain two times a higher score than usual. Landing on the triple ring will definitely earn you three times higher than the average score of the section. For example, when it comes to a single point, your score will be 15 points. Double and triple points will definitely add up to 30 to 45 points in total.

The bullseye is typically separated into two different sections which are named the ‘inner’ and ‘outer’ bull. If the dart plugs into the bull’s eye immediately, count 50 points and the outer bill counts 25 points.

Typically, each player is given 9 times to warm up. During the test, the closest player to the bull’s eye will gain the right to go first, then each person goes alternatively for 3 shots. Darts must stick on the board for at least 5 seconds to be graded.

Is this basic application enough to start playing with such information? Although you have known the entirety of section values on the dartboards, mastering dart scoring still requires a bit more from players for the best performance. Scroll down to see how to score some basic tricks!

Other Dart Game Scoring Methods

Getting to know the rules of scoring in darts games is also one of the most important factors to master this modern sport. As such scoring darts may seem once dimensional to you, you will find some interesting things about this game.

Apart from its regular launching darts on board structure, many games can also be played on a dartboard with different scoring methods.  There are two commonly used types of competition: “301” and “Cricket”:

  • “301” is the starting point. After each throw, the score is deducted until the first person reaches 0 points won. The interesting thing is that the player has to calculate which square to launch for the score to be deducted precisely zero. A turn consists of 3 throwing darts. The one who finishes the game must score the double point in the third round.
  • “Cricket” requires players a higher technical skill, the score is only accepted from 15-20. Especially, you must meet the bull’s eyes to win the game.
  • ‘’501’’ is quite similar to the ‘’301’’ rules but there are some notes that beginners should bear in mind to perform the best in dart scoring.
  • The checkout throw will only appear when the remaining score is fewer than 170
  • The scores 159,162,163,165,166,168,169 cannot go into the checkout throw
  • If you get a higher score in the last throw, then the points will not be counted and must replay one more throw.

We hope that you have grasped a better understanding of how darts are scored through the mentioned-above information. However, getting to know the particular technical attention and hand postures for your perfect performance is considered one of the most crucial factors to be dart scoring expert.

Small Tips To Master Dart Scoring

1. Holding a dart:

How to hold darts with 3 fingers

The dart fits neatly in the hand with four fingers straightened out, the thumb holds the dart in a fixed position. The tip may point toward the tip of the finger or turn toward the wrist.

If you plan to engage in some close-range games, you should let the pointed nose stick out of the fingertips when throwing darts for the best performance. This goes the other way around for long-distance sessions.

2. Darts throwing techniques:

First of all, when throwing, keep your wrist upright. Remember, even with just a redundant movement of your wrist, the dart’s nose will swirl like a tornado on its way to the goal

Throw techniques vary depending on the distance or range. Upon being thrown, darts will rotate around its own axis before hitting the board. So, based on the distance, you must calculate the number of rotations of the dart.

In case you start throwing from a close distance, the dart will make only half a turn before embedding into its target. At long distances, the dart will rotate at least one full round. When your target is close, the pointed tip must be sticking out. Moreover, the width of your footsteps should be equal to that of your shoulders. And don’t forget to lean forward when throwing, this way, your darts will go faster and stronger!

When starting to practice, you should stand a few meters away from the goal. If you hold the point by the tip of the finger, it will fly straight to the destination when throwing, do not rotate so that you find the appropriate distance for the dart to turn a full circle before reaching the goal. For an average stature person, that range is within 4-5m.

Whenever finding an appropriate range, it is crucial to mark your standing point or also measure the distance. Estimating and being able to choose the right length technique will be improved through persistent training.

To sum up

All you need to know about dart scoring and other useful information about this entertaining sport are in this article. We hope that you can acquire the tips and rules to master the game. Now, buy yourself the essential equipment for scoring darts games and be the best player in town!

Last Updated on November 19, 2021 by Drake Lambert

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